The second edition of Sourcework, designed to help students make use of outside sources, has been updated and enhanced to better guide writers through the challenges of their first academic research papers. With new university-level readings and updated activities, this flexible text helps students master the writing and critical thinking skills necessary to produce strong academic essays using supporting evidence.
For example: . . . . The following graph shows the distribution of crime rates all across Canada in the year 2003. These crime rates are compiled from lists of crimes ranging from violent crimes to disturbing the peace . . . . (Correct) The correct procedure would be to scan, photocopy, or type the table ourselves, and to cite the source, as follows: . . . . The following graph shows the distribution of crime rates all across Canada in the year 2003. (Source: Canada. Statistics Canada, 2004) These crime rates are compiled from lists of crimes ranging from violent crimes to disturbing the peace . . . In some disciplines, the identification of the source is prefaced by the word \"Source:\" followed by the publishing details in the same order as the bibliographical style used in the paper. Check in your own style guide to see if that is what will be expected in your own paper.) In addition, if you want to make any notation of changes or adaptations you might have made to the original text, you would also note that here.Using images, photographs, maps or other illustrative devices without citing sourcesThe practice would be similar to how one would identify the source of a table or figure. So, here again is our original photograph. Imagine that you wish to place it in your own text, and write your own description, in order to make the photograph apply to your own paper and illustrate a point you are arguing. Fig.1. \"Troop Front\" Canadian Mounted Rifles with SecondContingent South Africa (Source: Library and ArchivesCanada. photo # PA-028895) (Plagiarism) To insert the photograph into your text with your own explanatory text or the text taken from the original source beneath it but with no acknowledgment of the original source would be plagiarism. Even if you have taken a photograph yourself it is wise to cite yourself as the creator. This will make the source clear to any reader. . . . Canada first sent her troops abroad in the South African, or Boer War, from 1899-1902. It is interesting to note that . . . . as we can see in the picture above . . . . (Correct) Just as with tables and charts, the source of the original photograph must be acknowledged, as in this example. . . . Canada first sent her troops abroad in the South African, or Boer War, from 1899-1902. Fig.1. \"Troop Front\" Canadian Mounted Rifles with SecondContingent South Africa (Source: Library and ArchivesCanada. photo # PA-028895) It is interesting to note that . . . as we can see in Figure 1 . . . Buying or copying another person's paper or assignment or hiring an essay-writing service to write your paperAlthough it must be obvious to everyone that hiring another person to write an essay for you is plagiarism, copying portions of another person's work is also bad. Copying a paper or portions of a paper from an essay bank of old papers or copying old lab reports would be an example of this kind of plagiarism. Sharing code for a computer program with another student or taking code from the Web or another source without citing that sourceIf you are in any doubt as to the extent of collaboration permitted, consult your instructor. (Plagiarism) When you are working on a group project that is to be graded individually, and you share the same code with each other, it is very clear that you have collaborated illegally. (Correct) When you are working on a group project that is to be graded individually, you should discuss the problem without reference to code. Do not share code with the others in your group; nor should you look at any part of another student's solution, whether it be on paper or the computer screen.Downloading material from the Internet without proper citationThe Internet may seem free and anarchic, but the same rules of appropriate citation apply to material found on the Web as for any printed source. (Plagiarism) The following passage is included in a student text without citing the source:. . . . A little searching quickly reveals that Sahr's site is not the only repository for plagiarizable papers. There are several large sites which sell papers, and even more which maintain small collections available for free. There are even some which promise custom-written papers. (Correct) . . . .As Leland says, \"A little searching quickly reveals that Sahr's site is not the only repository for plagiarizable papers. There are several large sites which sell papers, and even more which maintain small collections available for free. There are even some which promise custom-written papers \" (2002, 3). Note that many electronic sources don't have page numbers, but might have paragraph numbers. If there is a paragraph number, use either the symbol or the abbreviation \"para.\" If neither page nor paragraph is there, use section headings if possible.Padding a Bibliography or Reference List, to suggest that you have done research when you haven'tThis type of academic misconduct often occurs when students leave their writing assignments to the last moment, or when they want to appear to have done more work than they really have, perhaps because their professor has required that they have a certain number of books and articles in their reference list. But if you think of plagiarism as defined as the intent to deceive someone about the work you have done, then you can understand that saying you have read something you haven't read also falls into this category. Making up statistics or other important facts, and citing a false sourceThis kind of invention, pretending that the information or source you are including in your paper is real, is serious because it strikes at the heart of the climate of trust that must exist in academia. If people are not honest about reporting their results, their research is invalid, and cannot be a basis for further work. Continue to the Plagiarism Quiz 1e1e36bf2d
Please subscribe to our forum & save our email address